Richard Avedon was one of the most important and prolific photographers of the second half of the twentieth century, and in the eyes of many photography and fashion specialists, he was the most important fashion photographer of all time.
Rei Kawakubo was born in Tokyo in 1942, the daughter of a senior academic at Keio University. She studied fine art (both Japanese and Western) at Keio and, after graduating in 1964, joined the advertising department of the Japanese chemical company Asahi Kasei, which produced acrylic fabrics.
Giorgio Armani, one of the most authoritative names in Italian ready-to-wear design, was born in Piacenza, Italy, in 1934. He became interested in fashion in 1957, when he left the school of medicine at the University of Piacenza to become a buyer for the La Rinascete chain in Milan.
Born in 1895 in Guetaria (Getaria), a small fishing village on the tempestuous northern coast of Spain, Cristobal Balenciaga Eisaguirre (1895 Ц 1972) was to become, in his own lifetime, the most famous Spanish fashion designer of his generation.
Hussein ChalayanТs fascination with architecture, spatial dynamics, urban identity, and aerodynamics is expressed in garments based on concepts, technological systems, historical dress, and theories of the body. His clothes are minimal in look but maximal in thought.
Manolo Blahnik (b. 1942) was a designer and manufacturer of what were called Уthe sexiest shoes in the worldФЧbeautiful, expensive, and highly coveted by many of the worldТs most fashionable women.
French-born fashion and portrait photographer Patrick Demarchelier has become a legend in his own time . . . and in many lands. His ad and celebrity images are recognizable at once for their casual, realistic, and playful qualities, hallmarks of a style he developed in the late 1960s.
A fashion designer is responsible for creating the specific look of individual garmentsЧ including a garmentТs shape, color, fabric, trimmings, and other aspects of the whole. The fashion designer begins with an idea of how a garment should look, turns that idea into a design (such as a sketch), and specifies how that design should be made into an actual piece of clothing by other workers (from patternmakers to finishers).